Original Link: http://prometheus.med.utah.edu/~bwjones/2012/09/iphone-5-display-vs-iphone-4-display/

Retinal neuroscientist Bryan Jones compares the iPhone 5 and 4S displays under a stereomicroscope:

It turns out that the pixels in the iPhone 5 are precisely the same size as the iPhone 4 pixels, but the iPhone 5 pixels have better color saturation with more contrast, seen particularly in the blue pixels. I did not calculate the difference in color saturation between the two iPhones, but it is pretty clear to the eye which is which. Apple claims 44% increase in color saturation and from these images, I believe them.